Java JDBC: An example to connect MS Access database

In this article, we will learn and list down the steps to connect MS Access database and finally executing a simple query to test whether connected database works as expected

We will divide this article into 2 parts

  1. MS Access database
  2. Java JDBC application

 

JDBC program to connect MS Access Database in Java 1.8

 

Part 1: MS Access Database

Before working with JDBC API to interact with database (to be specific MS Access database for this example), we need to set up MS Access database and create required things like

  • Create database
  • Create table inside newly created database
  • Insert few sample records inside newly created table

It’s very easy open Microsoft Office Access 2007 Database and create new table called “Player” and add 4 fields like

  • Player_ID
  • Name
  • Age
  • Matches

And finally insert couple of records

1_MS_Access_database_table_screen_capture

 

Part 2: Java JDBC application

  • As we are completed with set up and ready with MS Access database
  • next step is to figure out essential things required to query database
  • from Java application using JDBC API

2.1 Pre-requisite:

  • Loading MS Access driver class (com.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver)
  • Database URL formation (database file location)

2.2 JDBC program to connect and query MS Access database/table

  • Once we are ready with above listed things
  • Then we can go ahead and code an example to connect MS Access database
  • Finally querying database

MsAccessDatabaseConnectionExample.java

package in.bench.resources.msaccess.db.example;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;

public class MsAccessDatabaseConnectionExample {

	public static void main(String[] args) {

		// variables
		Connection connection = null;
		Statement statement = null;
		ResultSet resultSet = null;

		// Step 1: Loading or 
		// registering Oracle JDBC driver class
		try {
			Class.forName("sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver");
		}
		catch(ClassNotFoundException cnfex) {
			System.out.println("Problem in loading"
					+ " MS Access JDBC driver");
			cnfex.printStackTrace();
		}

		// Step 2: Opening database connection
		try {

			String msAccessDBName = "D:\\WORKSPACE"
					+ "\\TEST_WORKSPACE\\Java-JDBC\\Player.accdb";
			String dbURL = "jdbc:odbc:Driver="
					+ "{Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb, *.accdb)};"
					+ "DBQ=" 
					+ msAccessDBName 
					+ ";DriverID=22;READONLY=true";

			// Step 2.A: Create and 
			// get connection using DriverManager class
			connection = DriverManager.getConnection(dbURL); 

			// Step 2.B: Creating JDBC Statement 
			statement = connection.createStatement();

			// Step 2.C: Executing SQL and
			// retrieve data into ResultSet
			resultSet = statement
					.executeQuery("SELECT * FROM PLAYER");

			System.out.println("ID\tName\t\t\tAge\tMatches");
			System.out.println("==\t================\t===\t=======");

			// processing returned data and printing into console
			while(resultSet.next()) {
				System.out.println(resultSet.getInt(1) + "\t" + 
						resultSet.getString(2) + "\t" + 
						resultSet.getString(3) + "\t" +
						resultSet.getString(4));
			}
		}
		catch(SQLException sqlex){
			sqlex.printStackTrace();
		}
		finally {
			// Step 3: Closing database connection
			try {
				if(null != connection) {

					// cleanup resources, once after processing
					resultSet.close();
					statement.close();

					// and then finally close connection
					connection.close();
				}
			}
			catch (SQLException sqlex) {
				sqlex.printStackTrace();
			}
		}
	}
}

Output:

ID	Name			Age	Matches
==	================	===	=======
1	Sachin Tendulkar	43	200
2	Shane Warne		45	145
3	Kevin Pietersen	36	104
4	Shahid Afridi		36	27
5	Brian Lara		46	131
6	Graeme Smith		36	117
7	Mahela Jayawardene	38	145

2.3 Download:

 

Read Also:

 

References:

 

Happy Coding !!
Happy Learning !!

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